Even More Useful Information Inspired By Your New T-Shirt

Curiosity Box Useful Shirt

We made a decision to make our shirt as useful as possible, with all the information you’re likely to need, and the precision you require! For example, you’ve got pi to 38 decimal places; using that many digits allows you construct a circle with the circumference of the known universe, to the width of a hydrogen atom. We’ve wanted to make your Curiosity Box subscription even more useful – so enjoy these additional facts, figures, and data to improve the quality of your life!

Metric Prefixes and Suffixes

Yocto

y

0.000 000 000 000 000 000 000 001

10-24

septillionth

Zepto

z

0.000 000 000 000 000 000 001

10-21

sextillonth

Atto

a

0.000 000 000 000 000 001

10-18

quintillionth

Femto

f

0.000 000 000 000 001

10-15

quadrillionth

Pico

p

0.000 000 000 001

10-12

trillionth

Nano

n

0.000 000 001

10-9

billionth

Micro

μ

0.000 001

10-6

millionth

Milli

m

0.001

10-3

thousandth

Centi

c

0.01

10-2

hundreth

Deci

d

0.1

10-1

tenth

----

--

-

-

-

Deka/Deca

da

10

101

ten

Hecto

h

100

102

hundred

Kilo

k

1 000

103

thousand

Mega

M

1 000 000

106

million

Giga

G

1 000 000 000

109

billion

Tera

T

1 000 000 000 000

1012

trillion

Peta

P

1 000 000 000 000 000

1015

quadrillion

Exa

E

1 000 000 000 000 000 000

1018

quintillion

Zetta

Z

1 000 000 000 000 000 000 000

1021

sextillion

Yotta

Y

1 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000

1024

septillion

 

 Astronomical Distances & Stellar Conversions

Earth to Moon:

384,400 km

Earth to Mercury, the nearest planet*

77 million km average

Earth to Sun, the nearest star

150 million km (one AU)

Earth to Proxima Centauri, the nearest extrasolar star**

4.244 light years

Earth to PSR J0108-1431, the nearest pulsar***

770 light years

Earth to Andromeda, the nearest galaxy****

2 million light years

Earth to Markarian 231, nearest quasar*****

600 million light years

150 million kilometers 1 Astronomical Unit (AU)
9.46 trillion kilometers 1 light-year
3.26156 light years 1 parsec


* As noted in this month's “Curious Findings,” though Venus orbits the sun between Earth and Mercury, analysis of orbital patterns shows that Mercury is, on average, closer to Earth than any other planet, with an average orbital radius of 0.39 AU

** A 2001 study indicates that due to the orbital path of stars around the galactic core, in roughly 25,000 years, Alpha Centauri A will be the nearest star to Earth, slightly edging out Proxima

*** PSR J0108-1431 is also the oldest known isolated pulsar, at roughly 200 million years old

**** Andromeda gets 110 kilometers closer every day, please subtract appropriately depending on when you read this

***** The quasar at the center of galaxy Markarian 231 is powered by two black holes that orbit each other

  

 General Biological Rules

Bergmann's rule

Organisms at higher latitudes tend to be larger and thicker than those closer to the equator to better conserve heat.

Foster’s rule

Island species grow at different sizes than mainland counterparts: smaller if food resources are limited because of small area, larger if predation pressure is relaxed.

Cope’s rule:

Organisms in evolving lineages tend to increase in size over time.

Harrison’s rule:

Parasite-host covariance: large-bodied species of hosts often harbor large-bodied parasites.

Jordan’s rule

Fish in colder water will have more fin spines, vertebrae, and scales.

Lack’s principle:

The clutch size of a bird has been adapted by natural selection to correspond with the largest number of young for which the parents can, on average, provide enough food.

 

 Food Storage Times

Food

In the fridge

In the freezer

Ice cream

15 minutes

5-7 months

Milk

1-2 weeks

3-5 months

Leftovers

3-5 days

3-5 months

Cooked read meat

5-7 days

1-2 months

Ground beef

1-2 days

1-2 months

Raw chicken

1-2 days

5-7 months

Cooked chicken

5-7 days

3-5 months

Raw fish

1-2 days

3-5 months

Cooked fish

3-5 days

5-7 months

Eggs

5-7 months

Don’t

Condiments

1 year+

Don’t

*These are guidelines of course, don’t actually test them

We hope all of this additional info has added some utility – or at least some curious fun – to your life. Now go out there and wow your friends!